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to tackle plastic pollution, philip hammond needs to wake up and smell the coffee

by:Kindeal Paper     2020-03-19
In the last season of last year\'s Blue Planet ii, David Attenborough called for action, and millions of people were encouraged when an unforgettable plastic pollution scene was shot into our
Whether it\'s feeding plastic albatross to its cubs, or catching the hippocampus of the cotton bud stick, the shocking images that record the damage we are causing to the ocean have caused the swelling of the pressure of public action.
So it\'s not surprising that a recent study found that Britons are more worried about plastics than they are about Brexit.
We are right to worry.
According to the World Economic Forum, by 2050, the amount of plastic in our oceans will exceed that of fish.
It is estimated that we use about 10 billion sheets
Sell cups and lids are used every year in hot drinks and cold drinks.
About 3 million-per day-don\'t even turn it into a bin: they litter our streets and eventually pollute our rivers and seas.
Our disposable cup habits have led to a global crisis that requires urgent action.
Thousands of us have put things in our hands.
\"City to Sea\" is an organization dedicated to solving plastic pollution, one of the largest campaign organizations in the UK, 38 Degrees has been calling for a single pollution tax
Plastic has been used since last year.
The petition on the 38-degree website has collected nearly 200,000 signatures.
The signatories to the petition raised funds to hire leading environmental experts to write a final plan aimed at removing plastic waste.
The plan looks at what\'s best for our planet, not what\'s right for industry lobbyists and big businesses, who have delayed any tax on plastic products.
We are a nation.
Electric plastic plans without vested interests.
Last month, Chancellor Philip Hammond finally announced
Committed to public consultation on how to use the tax system to reduce plastic waste.
As part of that, he said that, despite the urgent recommendation of the environmental audit committee, he would once again look at the \"latte tax\" that the government rejected during the march \".
Public consultation offers Hammond a real opportunity to do the right thing for our oceans and wildlife, rather than doing the right thing for shareholders at Starbucks, Costa and McDonald\'s.
The government knows that voters want to take real action on plastic pollution, which is a big part of why the government is starting to negotiate.
Over the past few months it has talked about a good game on the issue of plastic pollution, but now it has to walk.
The city\'s campaign against the ocean and 38-degree members will be held to ensure that the Premier\'s response is not cold or hot.
The discovery of our people
The plan for electric plastics is clear.
If we want to have a significant impact, we need to impose a 25 p tax on each one-time cup used for hot drinks and cold drinks-or a \"latte tax \".
The evidence shows that voluntary plans-such as giving discounts to people who use reusable cups-do not work on a large scale, it could actually hurt independent coffee shops that can\'t afford to compete with Starbucks and McDonald\'s.
A Levi\'s latte will be a big step in making sure Britain does its part to protect our oceans.
Big chains are starting to take action on this issue, but it\'s a chaotic situation for average shoppers.
Different coffee chains offer different amounts of discounts, some without discounts at all.
White Rose bravely promised to throw away the disposable cup.
This is far from ideal for serious coffee
Lovers who want to reduce plastic waste.
Our research shows that even if the same discount is applied in all retailers, it will not reduce our use of a single item.
The degree of use of the Cup is the same as the degree of taxation.
A recent study by the University of Cardiff pays close attention to this.
It found that \"charges may be more effective than discounts. . .
People are more sensitive to losses than earnings when making decisions.
Levy for disposable cups (a loss)
Therefore, it is easier to produce behavior changes than discounts on reusable cups (a gain).
\"Basically, sticks are more effective than carrots.
This is just a small study, but if the levy is at the national level, the reduction may be greater, as it will become more worthwhile to switch from a disposable cup to a reusable alternative.
To put it more simply: People hate to pay higher prices than they prefer discounts.
The latte tax will reduce the number of disposable cups we use by millions.
Starbucks\'s own research found that if they had to pay more, nearly half of customers would carry their reusable cups.
The incredible success of the plastic bag charging also shows that it will work.
We have seen a drop of 83 percentage points in the number of plastic bags distributed by large supermarkets: in fact, in a new study in the journal overall environmental science, the researchers reported that, the number of plastic bags in our ocean has dropped by 30 percentage points.
It\'s a shame that the government has made it clear that it wants retailers to make their own voluntary commitments and provide their own incentives to customers.
Its response to the previously proposed introduction of taxation by the Environmental Audit Committee was to suggest that coffee shops should provide customers with discounts on reusable cups instead of taxing disposable cups.
However, reliance on voluntary agreements is not only less efficient, but may make life more difficult for smaller independent retailers.
Some of the larger retailers have implemented financial incentives to encourage the use of reusable cups.
Starbucks is currently the only chain in the UK that charges 5 p (
In a small part of London\'s story)
Disposable paper cups for customers.
But this trend, other than Starbucks, is clearly a discount rather than a charge.
Costa Coffee and Pret a Manger currently offer a discount of 50 p;
25 p discount Starbucks;
For those who use reusable cups, Cafe Nero double loyalty stamps.
Smaller retailers, such as Valerie, Paul and Griggs, are also offering discounts.
Some independent university coffee shops follow suit.
But among the smaller independent coffee shop staff and owners we talked to here, the real concern is that they cannot offer a voluntary discount without raising the price.
Our researchers talk to a number of people who think their margins may be lower than their larger competitors, such as Costa and Starbucks.
This means that they cannot offer a similar discount without raising the price. If too many people start bringing their own reusable cups.
This may mean that smaller coffee shops raise prices faster than large retailers, which can lead to customer churn.
Philip Hammond must want to avoid a situation where his inaction could lead to a small coffee shop losing to a bigger competitor?
If the tax applies to retailers of all sizes, small retailers do not need any exemptions, because small coffee shops may pay more for disposable cups than large retailers such as Starbucks and Costa Coffee, these retailers will benefit from bulk purchases.
The Chancellor may also be interested to see that taxation and reducing the number of cups we use will raise some serious cash.
A £ 25 p tax reduction of £ 40 will raise an impressive £ 1.
5bn per year, this will fund other plans to improve our environment and solve plastic pollution.
However, our experts believe that the funds raised should not be used to cover costs related to waste management.
It was suggested that the money could be used to build the infrastructure for recycling cups.
But, in any case, this is the cost that producers should bear.
After all, if they profit from something, they should bear the cost of cleaning up.
Thankfully, the government is listening to some signs.
Over the past few weeks, Hammond said he would look again at the government\'s rejection of the latte levy proposal last month.
This is his real chance to do the right thing for our planet.
City to Sea and 38 Degrees members will run a campaign to make sure the Prime Minister goes through an open door and charges 25 p for all singles
Use plastic cups filled with hot or cold drinks at the point of sale of any size retailer.
We ask the government to make changes.
David Attenborough concluded: \"We have to take action and we have to take action now to fix some of the terrible damage we have done to the ocean.
The idea of removing plastic from the ocean would be a barrier, because it might cost something is ridiculous.
The cost of doing nothing is much greater than doing nothing.
\"Natalie Fei is the founder of the Sea of the City @ natalieerie;
Ben Craig is the activity manager of 38 Degrees @ _ 38 degrees, telling us your thoughts by email. co.
We will give you an independent one.
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